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<ref></ref> tags are what makes the text you type turn into the cool [1] icon. The text you're typing between those tags often uses a template, such as Template:Cite jake to autocomplete some text for you.

You can use <ref></ref> tags to include footnotes in articles as well, it doesn't have to be a link to an article.[1]

Reference anything EXCEPT scientific articles with ProveIt

Use ProveIt in the bottom right of any page you visit. It should look like this: [P].

From there, you can select what you are referencing and fill in the fields accordingly.

This video demonstrates how to do this, although this is done with a scientific article. Don't use ProveIt for scientific articles, just see the next section:

If you have problems with 'updating' references using ProveIt, don't use the update button. Just go to the 'Reference content' field that is generated as you fill in fields, and copy and paste the contents of that field between the <ref></ref> tags. We didn't develop the ProveIt gadget, so we can't fix this behaviour - but this is a perfectly working workaround.

Referencing Jake and the blog

Do it like this:

<ref>{{cite jake|}}</ref>

That will produce [2]

You can alternatively just use ProveIt, with the method above.

Referencing scientific articles

Use the Biomedical citation maker, it's amazing. Insert the PMID or DOI into the box on the left (should be visible for most if not all clinical studies), and use the first box that comes up (the one that says wiki markup for Wikipedia). Just copy and paste the really long contents of that box into where you want your reference. This is miles better than what ProveIt can accomplish.

You will feel like a scholar in no time using this  

  1. That's right, I'm a footnote!
  2. The EndMyopia Blog,