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Myopia, also known as near-sightedness or short-sightedness, is a refractive state where distant objects at infinity focus in front of the retina. This generally causes distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects appear clear with accommodation. This occurs because of a mismatch between the axial length and the focusing power of the visual system, causing the image of an object. Someone who has myopia is called a myope.

Low Myopia

Low Myopia is short-sightedness in the range of -3 dpt or below. Most people who develop Myopia throughout their lifetimes are prescribed with glasses in the Low Myopia range initially at around -1 dpt after experiencing Pseudomyopia.

Zero differentials

The same basic principles for reversing Lens-induced myopia apply for all ranges of myopia, however below -2 to -1.5 dpt usually no glasses are needed for close-up work. This means that improvement might slow down because positive stimulus can only come from Distance Vision, unless plus lenses are used.

Very low myopia

Instead of reducing from -1.5, -1.25, or -1 (based on personal preference), the current EM strategy is to alternate zero and normalized correction, which is a variation of zero diopter reset.

Moderate Myopia

Definitions vary, but -2 or -3 to -5 or -6 is considered moderate myopia.

High Myopia

Definitions vary, but more than -5 or -6 diopters is considered high myopia. This category has a higher risk of various eye diseases and should be particularly regular about getting exams from an optometrist or ophthalmologist. If your myopia is even worse, see the severe myopia page for guidance.

Very few people have high myopia for genetic reasons. Most people who have high myopia had gradually-increasing lens-induced myopia.


This guide has been translated to Polish. See EndMyopia Translated