Frequently Asked Questions/FFAQ

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Frequently Frequently
Asked Questions
(please read this!)
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About Myopia LASIK
Glasses &
Mindset Troubleshooting
The Process — EndMyopia Glossary
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Active Focus Habits Measurement Normalized Differentials Astigmatism Other
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(be skeptical)
About EM Paid course Other eyesight
Myopia Treatments

These are the Frequently, Frequently Asked Questions.


How do I start EndMyopia?

Every good EndMyopia journey starts with a really, really good understanding of what you're doing. This isn't optional, if you do not understand what you are doing you will fail in the vast majority of cases - it happens too many times to count. If a method says 'do this to improve your eyes', you fail to do what the method says, you can't turn around and blame the method for being wrong. You're doing it wrong 718smiley.svg.

Remember that fixing your eyes through EndMyopia can be a really, really long process and you should be aware that you're in it for the long-haul. If you're after a quick fix, you can look into mutilating your eyes with LASIK instead!

You don't need to buy a paid course to fix your eyes. EndMyopia is free, and plenty of people have improved their eyesight without paying Jake a penny. If you want hands-on, case specific help from Jake Steiner and want to support the project and what we do here, you should look into BackTo20/20. It'll guarantee the highest chance of success, or your money back.

Read the blog, and the EndMyopia YouTube channel thoroughly. You can also particiate in the Facebook Group, EndMyopia Forum and Discord server and ask people involved in the process questions. Please don't ask millions of annoying basic questions, they should all be answered in this FAQ (especially this page)

Finally, of course you're at EndMyopia Wiki, so we have to recommend that as a good resource too. There are really no excuses for 'being confused about where to start' Face-smile.svg

Blog post: Where Should You Start With Diopter Reductions?

What are the steps?

The steps:

1. Manage close-up effectively to avoid worsening your vision
Wear differentials if needed, avoid ciliary spasm by taking breaks
2. Wear a slight undercorrection for distance vision (normalized)
No more than 0.25 diopter undercorrection
3. The hardest thing: Active Focus and doing it as a habit when you are engaged in distance vision
This can take a long time, be patient. A lot of people give up here.
4. Be sure to get distance vision in your life, preferably daily
Without distance vision, you won't improve

These points form an entire package. You have to do all of them. People that miss out on any one of these points usually doesn't see long-term improvement in their vision.

Please know that you cannot fix your eyes in the long term by following a 'simple list of steps'. This takes effort, and knowledge beyond the list above. The list should give you a framework for what you need to do. Fully read all the materials available to you:

Jake summarises 'the steps' in this video.

Does this actually work? Have people gotten back to 20/20 vision?

No, it doesn't work. Of course it works, you're on the EndMyopia Wiki Face-wink.svg

We have a long list of people with results, many improvement reports in various social media, and Jake is always complaining that his inbox is always full of nice messages thanking him. This entire wiki was built from the ground up by volunteers, many of whom have experienced success with vision improvement. Quite a number of people have fully recovered their eyesight, back to 20/20 (perfect eyesight).

Furthermore, nearly all of the material is given away for free, so even if it didn't work you're not losing out. If it's all a scam, why is so much given away for free? Worst scam ever.

We do recommend that you don't take what we say at face value, and question whether this is possible. See the skepticism FAQ and Guide:How to doubt EndMyopia.

Blog post, answering optometrists insisting it doesn't work: Can Myopia Be Cured? (Optometrists & Doctors Weigh In)

Do I need to buy a paid course?

No. The vast majority of information is available for free and we actively tell you that EndMyopia doesn't need to cost you anything. We're here to fix your myopia, not to make a quick buck (whatever money there is in vision improvement anyway)

You can consider buying hands-on support with Jake through BackTo20/20. It helps support the resource and gives you the highest chance you won't make mistakes.

Blog post: Improvement Reports from people who used just the free resources


Is myopia genetic or hereditary?

Double D Facts about Myopia.png

The majority of myopia in the world, despite whatever the mainstream and well-endowed optometry industry will tell you, is lens-induced through glasses. There is evidence to show that accommodation of the eye to clear up hyperopic blur is responsible for axial length change. This means, wearing distance vision glasses while sitting in front of screens is the primary reason why progressive myopia occurs.

There are no warning labels on glasses when you buy them about the biological changes that occur when you use them in specific ways. The optometry industry has no interest in promoting in what is true and what is not, because it's a $200 billion industry that has grown year on year for decades and has no financial interest in myopia reversal. They make way more money selling you glasses at extremely high markups.

It's analogous to the tobacco industry before the truths about the dangers of tobacco became common public knowledge. There is no reason to think this isn't the same case with glasses (unless you're unwilling to engage in critical thinking).

See also: Optometry calling EM disinformation

Is myopia a disease?

Glasses and lenses

What is the difference between normalized and differentials?

Normalized are distance vision glasses. They are typically undercorrected from 20/20 (what an optometrist would give you) by no more than 0.25 diopters. Exceptions are made, usually in the 7+ diopter range. In the majority of cases, reducing any more than 0.25 diopters can be severely counterproductive.

Differentials are glasses used exclusively for close-up. This is usually for monitors and screens. These glasses are severely undercorrected for any distance vision, and correct you just enough to see the screen at a comfortable distance. Differentials should provide a blur horizon that is comfortable.

The majority of effective improvements will always come from distance vision and normalized glasses, combined with good habits.

When do I wear normalized, when do I wear differentials?

Normalized are worn for all distance vision activities (except night driving, see below). Differentials are worn, exclusively, for close-up work with a fixed focal distance. Most of the time this is a screen.

When driving at night, it is strongly recommended that you wear full correction glasses, that are more powerful than your normalized. Leave no room for error.

You only need two reduced pairs of glasses. Don't wear loads of different pairs of normalised and differentials for different focal distances, you only need two.

I'm indoors, should I wear normalized or differentials?

Normalized are worn for all distance vision activities. Differentials are worn, exclusively, for close-up work with a fixed focal distance. Most of the time this is a screen.

— This FAQ

You can wear either normalized or differentials indoors. Remember that indoors is not your primary source of improvement, this is outdoors distance vision. We recommend normalized, because there is no disadvantage to wearing them indoors and it means you don't have to live in blur.

See this blog post for more info.

Should I use plus lenses to improve my eyesight?

Plus lenses are a very bad idea for improving your eyesight in the majority of cases. Understanding how diopters work will tell you that plus lenses make you more shortsighted, and they do not correct for myopia, they correct for hyperopia.

The entire point of normalized is to correct your short-sightedness nearly completely, except with a bit of blur challenge that your eyes clear up. By wearing plus lenses, you're not correcting your short-sightedness, you're actually making your vision worse while you continue to wear the plus lenses, so the literal stimulus involved in improving your eyesight fails to work. This is not to say plus lenses worsen your myopia permanently, it's just to say they do not correct your vision while wearing them in the right way that would lead to vision improvement.

A mild plus lense of +0.25 may be useful in low myopia as normalized, but if you have any more than -1.50 diopters of myopia, don't even think about it. If you don't understand how plus lenses work, don't think about using plus lenses because you're wasting your time 718smiley.svg

Active Focus

How do I find Active Focus?

See Guide:How to find Active Focus, A Million Ways To Find Active Focus, and the Active Focus article itself.

Always read the blog, and maybe ask some people after that if you've read around thoroughly Face-smile.svg

Do I wear glasses when doing Active Focus?

If you have moderate to high myopia (above 2 diopters), yes, you need normalized glasses to do Active Focus, and improve your vision. You can Active Focus close-up objects without normalized, but this is never as effective as distance vision with normalized for improving vision.

If you have low myopia (under 2 diopters): may not need to wear glasses when doing Active Focus to improve your eyesight. If in doubt, wear an appopriately reduced pair of normalized as appropriate.

Do I Active Focus with both eyes at the same time?

Yes, there isn't really a benefit to Active Focusing with one eye instead of both. The exception is if you specifically equalizing and trying to only improve one eye, sometimes by patching.

Can I improve my eyesight despite a lot of screen time?

Yes, you can, provided time is taken each day to get some dedicated distance vision as well.

Starting out, should I equalise before reducing correction in both of my eyes?

It's not recommended to equalise your correction before making bifocal reductions (both eyes).[1]

This is mostly true when you're starting out. When you're starting out, your priorities should be finding Active Focus, fixing your habits, and getting the basics right so that you can see a real improvement in your eyesight over time. Your priority shouldn't be equalising at this point, as you haven't demonstrated you've gotten everything right to make any improvement yet.

See Explainer:The Eyesight Improvement Equation for what you should be prioritising when starting out.

How do I train my night vision?

The exact same way you improve your day vision - reducing your level of myopia. There is no 'special technique' for training night vision. Be cautious of anyone attempting to separate the two categories of vision as if they need two different methods for vision improvement.

Blog post: Night Vision Training? Is That A Thing?